Guianas holidays : introduction
English, Dutch and French speaking respectively, Guyana, Suriname and French Guiana are hardly touched by tourism and inhabited by a huge variety of wildlife - including tapirs, giant river otters, monkeys, armadillos, and thousands of spectacular birds and butterflies (the Guyanese love to say they have the biggest of everything). The terrain is varied, from mountainous jungle with dramatic waterfalls to mangrove swamps and lush savanna.
Culturally, the Guianas are equally diverse: Amerindian tribes, colonial eccentrics, and the legendary descendants of African slaves - the Maroons - inhabit remote villages and settlements. Other influences include Hindustani, Javanese and Creole - inspiring some delicious fusion cuisine. The capital cities of Georgetown (built with the profits of rum and Demerara sugar), Paramaribo (a UNESCO world heritage site) and Cayenne have some fine colonial architecture. French Guiana is home to the European space centre’s primary launch site and a number of fascinating penal colonies, including the infamous Île du Diable.
Please follow the links to individual regions to see more detail, including images and hotel listings (many of which include reviews by our clients).
- » Guyana
Stunning waterfalls, virgin rainforest and rare species
- » Suriname
Dutch colonial architecture and untouched beauty
- » French Guiana
The European space centre and jungle villages
“First, thank you to all at Last Frontiers for organising everything. It all ran incredibly smoothly, even with the last minute changes in flights and the impromptu overnight in Trinidad. There was nothing, it would seem, left to chance and we very much appreciate all your hard work. Karanambu is one of the best places I have ever stayed in, it was absolutely enchanting. So again ... a big thank you from the both of us. A fantastic trip. And we'll definitely have to do something with Last Frontiers again!” - ML
Practical facts and figures on Guianas
Guyana: Official language is English but several Amerindian languages (there are nine distinct ethnic groups in Guyana) and Creole (which is a pidgin English) are widely spoken. The National flower is the Victoria Amazonia (formerly known as Victoria Regia), and the National bird is the Hoatzin, locally known as Canje pheasant.
Suriname: Dutch, although English is widely spoken in Paramaribo, and also a local dialect, Sranan-Tonga.
French Guiana: The official language is French, though most of the population speak a Creole patois. English is also widely spoken.
Guyana: Yellow fever recommended, and Malaria highly recommended. You should be up-to-date on tetanus, typhoid and polio.
Suriname: Yellow fever, tetanus and polio advisable. If you are travelling into the interior, a course of anti-malarial tablets should be taken.
French Guiana: All visitors to or passing through French Guiana must have a yellow fever vaccination certificate. Tetanus, typhiod and polio are recommended. Anti-malarials are recommened if visiting low-lying areas.
Guyana and French Guiana: Not required for most nationalities (including all Commonwealth countries).
Suriname: UK nationals, most EU and US citizens require a visa which can be obtained from the Surinamese Emb
Guyana: The official currency is the Guyanese dollar. There are $1,000, $500, $100 and $20 notes and $10, $5 and $1 coins. Most Georgetown hotels will change sterling, US dollars or Euros in either cash or travellers cheques, in the interior it can be hard to find places willing to change money. Credit cards can be used in larger hotels but charges may be made.
Suriname: The Suriname Dollar (SRD), is divided into 100 cents to 1 dollar with notes to the value of 100, 50, 20, 10, 5, 2.50 and 1. All major credit cards are accepted and ATM (hole in the wall) machines are commonplace in Paramaribo, though will only dispense SRD, US$ or Euros and should not be relied upon. Small denomination SRD should be taken into the interior.
French Guiana: The official currency is the Euro.
Guyana: The blend of different ethnic influences in Guyana – Indian, African, Chinese, Creole, English, Portuguese, Amerindian, North American – gives a distinctive flavour to Guyanese cuisine. Try dishes such as Pepper Pot, meat cooked in casareep (bitter cassava) juice with peppers and herbs. Garlic Pork is a speciality at Christmas. Curry and Roti is popular everywhere. Seafood is plentiful and varied (especially shrimps), as is the wide variety of tropical fruit and vegetables (cassava and yams are particularly prevelant). Rum is the most popular drink, the quality of which is world class (Guyanese rum regularly wins prizes).
French Guiana: The best restaurants are in Cayenne, although French, Continental, Vietnamese, Chinese, Creole and Indonesian restaurants can be found elsewhere. A typical dish in the country is Bouillon d'aoura (smoked fish, crab, prawns, vegetables and chicken, served with aoura, the fruit of Savana trees). The forest provides a rich supply of game such as, collard peccary, paca and tapir. These are usually eaten as a fricassee and are accompanied by rice and kidney beans.
Guyana: Few and far between (local communication with the interior is mainly by radio, although satellite internet is changing things quite rapidly). You can use a BT chargecard - dial 0169 (169 Georgetown) for the operator.
The mobile networks are still analogue so most UK mobiles will not work.
Suriname: Private telephone offices can be found in Paramaribo and are often the best place to go for international or local calls. Dial 00 for international and then the country code (e.g. 44 for the UK), leave off the zero of the town code. You pay when you have completed the call.
French Guiana: Roaming agreements exist with most international mobile phone operators. Coverage is limited to main towns. Handsets can be hired locally.
Guyana: Traffic drives on the left, and while the main highways are in reasonable condition minor roads are often bumpy and dusty.
Suriname: Driving is on the left. Only 25% of roads are paved. All driving licences are accepted but a stamp from the local police with deposit is needed.
French Guiana: Traffic drives on the right, with the best roads along the coast. An International Driving Permit is recommended, although is not legally required.